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Church of England Primary Academy

The rock for our community

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Catchment Area

An area served by a school covering a number of roads or parts of roads. All houses in a borough and some outside the borough are in the catchment area of a school. However catchment areas can be changed if the number of pupils transferring to secondary school exceeds the limit of the local school. Living in a catchment area gives you higher priority for admission to the school but does not guarantee entry.



Creative Development/Knowledge and Understanding of the World


Challenging behaviour

Non-judgemental term which covers range of behaviour from severe mental or emotional problems through adolescent angst to naughtiness. Challenging Behaviour Foundation website.


Chartered Teachers

The Chartered Teacher programme was created for teachers in Scotland who want to develop their teaching skills but stay in the classroom - rather than work towards a management role.


Church school

Originally run by the church, their running costs are now met by local councils. Children of churchgoers may be given preference for places.


Circle time

Primary children sitting in a circle to discuss personal matters such as bullying and emotions. There are strict rules about how children may behave and the confidentiality of what is said. Helps develop children's listening skills. 


Cognitive Ability Tests

A set of tests for children between 7 and 15-years old. The tests include verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning and non-verbal reasoning.


Common entrance

Entrance exam for many independent senior schools, which can be sat at 11, 12 or 13. The papers are set centrally, but marking is done by the school which the child is applying to attend. The papers for 11 and 12-year-olds are designed to be taken by state or prep school pupils. The 13-plus paper, intended for prep school pupils, includes compulsory English, maths, science, French, history, geography and RE. There are also four optional foreign language papers, although some schools require Latin.


Community school

Local authority-run county school, this is the standard type of maintained school. Also a type of school which opens its facilities to local people outside lesson times.


Comprehensive school

In its purest form, a secondary school which takes all children living locally regardless of talent or ability and educates them together. In practice, school intakes vary according to their popularity and parental popularity as well as location.


Contact time

The hours teachers actually spend with pupils. Staffrooms are full of complaints about the lack of non-contact time to prepare and mark work.


Contextual Value Added

Factors that relate to pupil progress - eg SEN, deprivation, etc.


Core subjects

Compulsory subject under the national curriculum in England and Wales. The core subjects are currently under review but at the moment children in state schools from ages 11-14 study; English, maths, science, D&T, ICT, history, geography, MFL, art and design, music, citizenship and PE. At KS4 the core subjects are maths, English and science. For more details on the compulsory subjects for each key stage visit the school curriculum page of the DfE site


Cover Supervisors

Suitably trained support staff who supervise pupils carrying out pre-prepared exercises when teaching staff are on short-term absence. For more on the day to day tasks read this guide from the DfE



Child Poverty Action Group. Campaigning organisation.



Continuing professional development. CPD includes any activity that increases teachers’ knowledge or understanding, and their effectiveness in schools. It can help raise teaching and learning standards and improve job satisfaction. CPD is for all teachers, at any stage of their career.



Common Pay Scale. Starting point for teachers' salary scales. Note academies and free schools can set their own pay scales.



Criminal Records Bureau. Set up in 2002 under the Police Act 1997 to check teachers and others working with children. All teachers working in school in England and Wales must obtain a CRB certificate.


Creative Curriculum

Creative Curriculum. A thematic approach to teaching and learning designed to support children’s natural curiosity and stimulate their creativity. It offers children the opportunity to work in depth, giving them the time they need to reflect, consolidate and transfer their learning.